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EuroCases Keywords

Tax fraud - burden of proof, Reality of the delivery - burden of proof, Constriction works

EuroCases Summary

The revenue authority refused to recognise the right of X to deduct VAT on invoices for construction works. It considered that those construction works were not carried out by the service provider indicated in the invoices. Therefore, there was no an actual delivery under those invoices and there

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EuroCases Keywords

Specific purposes, Other indirect taxes on electricity, Excise duty on electricity, Tax contribution to the public service charges for electricity, State Aid, Reference for a preliminary ruling, Directive 2008/118/EC - Article 2(1), Directive 92/12/EEC - Article 3(2), Article 267 TFEU, Articles 107(1) and 108(3) TFEU

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Council of State (Conseil d’Etat) referred a request for a preliminary ruling to the EU Court of Justice on the compatibility of the French contribution to the public service charges for electricity with Directive 92/12/EEC, repealed by Directive 2008/118/EC.

The company X

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EuroCases Keywords

Concept of 'principal establishment', Court of the place of domicile of the claimant, Jurisdiction rules, Compensation for flight delay, Règlement (EC) No 261/2004 - Article 7, Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 ('Brussel I' Regulation) - Articles 2, 15(3), 16 and 60

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Court of cassation (Cour de cassation) was required to rule on the application of the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 and Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 (’Brussels I’ Regulation).

X and Y purchased airline tickets for the flight Geneva-Montreal. Due to the annulation

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EuroCases Keywords

Court of the place of domicile of the claimant, Jurisdiction rules, Compensation for flight delay, Règlement (EC) No 261/2004 - Article 7, Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 ('Brussel I' Regulation) - Articles 2, 15(3), 16 and 60

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Court of cassation (Cour de cassation) was required to rule on the application of the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 and Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 (’Brussels I’ Regulation).

X and Y purchased airline tickets for the flight New-York-Lyon via Paris. X and Y arrived

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EuroCases Keywords

Refusal to delete police registration of a person - allowed by the national and European legislation, Personal data contained in the police registration

EuroCases Summary

After the completion of the criminal proceedings against X with an approved by the court agreement, X requested from the Director of General Directorate 'Criminal Police' (the Director) with the Ministry of Interior the deletion of his criminal registration. The Director refused the deletion of the

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EuroCases Keywords

Priority of the Aarhus convention over the provisions of the national and European legislation in the field of access to public information, Access to documents related to the environment and the programmes in the field of envionment

EuroCases Summary

X filed a request with the Minister of the Environment and the Waters (the Minister) for access to public information in the form of documents related to the priority axis 'Waste' of the Operational Programme 'Environment'. The Minister asked the municipalities concerned by the X's request for

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EuroCases Keywords

Order to not punish illegal hunt , Fixing the closing dates for the hunting season, Greylag Goose , Conservation of wild birds, Directive 2009/147/EC ('Birds' Directive)

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Council of State (Conseil d’Etat) had to examine the conformity of an administrative decision with Directive 2009/147/EC (‘Birds’ Directive).

One French association (League for protection of birds, LPO) requested from the Council of State to suspend the application of the

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EuroCases Keywords

prohibition of torture, right to respect for private and family life, right to a fair trial, placement in administrative detention, obligation to leave French territory, residence permit, right of asylum, third-country national, right of entry and residence

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Administrative Court of appeal of Paris (Cour administrative d’appel de Paris) had to decide on the issue concerning the conformity of a Prefectural order imposing an obligation to leave French territory to a third-country national with several provisions of Directive

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EuroCases Keywords

Mandatory provisions, Protection of the employee , Law of the country in which the employee habitually carries out his work, Individual employment contracts, Law applicable to contractual obligations, Rome Convention - Articles 3 and 6, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 (Regulation ''Rome I'') - Artciles 3 and 8

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Court of cassation (Cour de cassation) had to examine a conflict of laws in the light of the Rome Convention and Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 (‘Rome I’ Regulation).

Ms. X was employed aboard a yacht under several fixed-term contracts, which previewed that the law applicable

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EuroCases Keywords

Insufficiency of the resources, Burden of proof, Reality of the delivery, Right to deduct VAT

EuroCases Summary

The revenue authority refused to recognise the right of X to deduct VAT on invoices issued by two suppliers. The main considerations of the revenue authority were related mainly to previous deliveries, as well as to allegations of insufficient staff and material resources of the suppliers. X

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EuroCases Keywords

Conditions for a set-off, Set-off , Sanction for a future period, Direct payment

EuroCases Summary

The State Fund 'Agriculture' - Payment Agency (the Payment Agency) notified X by letter that it had withheld from the due payment of a subsidy a sanction for a future period. X contested the letter before the Blagoevgrad Administrative Court (Административен съд Благоевград, the BlgAC), which

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EuroCases Keywords

Aromatic hydrocarbons, Aromatic constutuents, Combined Nomenclature - Headings 2707 and 2710

EuroCases Summary

X imported in Bulgaria heavy fuel oil and declared it under code 2710 1999 of the Combined Nomenclature (the CN). The customs authority took samples of the oil and analysed it. Based on the results, the customs authority amended the code of the imported oil to 2707 9999 of the CN. X appealed the

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EuroCases Keywords

Direct legal effects of the directive, Requirements for environmental impact assessment, Environmental impact assessment, Air traffic law

EuroCases Summary

This case concerns a resident of the municipality of Kleinmachnow, who brought an action objecting to the operating license for the airport Berlin-Brandenburg. She took the view that residents could complain against the operating license because the plan approval decision did not adequately

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Union citizens Directive - Article 27, Justification of a restriction on the rights of freedom of movement, Right of entry and of residence, Free movement of Union citizen

This case is about an applicant who was a Bulgarian national and who was recognized as a person entitled to asylum, identifying himself using false personal data. The recognition was revoked in 1995 and the residence permit extinguished at the latest with the applicant's return to Bulgaria in 1999.

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EuroCases Keywords

Biosimilar product, Pending patent application

EuroCases Summary

The Court of Appeal was asked to adjudicate the extent, to which a declaration that a product is old or obvious could constitute a collateral attack on the European Patent Office’s (EPO) power to decide on pending patent applications. The respondent in the case developed a biosimilar product to a

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EuroCases Keywords

Threat of violence, Rejection of an asylum application

EuroCases Summary

The High Court was asked to consider a claim for judicial review of the Home Office’s refusal to examine an asylum application. The claimant, an Eritrean national, had entered the UK unlawfully and, after the contested decision of the Home Office (the defendant), faced removal to Italy. In his

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Responsibility, Ban on animal caring, Animal Protection Act

A repeated infringement within the meaning of Article 16a (1) sentence 2 no. 3 of the Animal Protection Act (TierSchG) occurs when there are two breaches of the animal welfare principles with a view to § 2 TierSchG or an order pursuant to § 16a para. 1 sentence 2 no. 1 TierSchG or a regulation

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EuroCases Keywords

Jurisdiction in matters relating to tort, Judicially significant harm

EuroCases Summary

The Court of Appeal was asked to consider the proper construction of article 5(3) of the Judgments Regulation. The claimant, a UK-based company, alleged that the defendants engaged in conspiracy and wrongful interference with contractual relations, leading to non-delivery of a certain product to

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Common system of value added tax, Rules different from the provisions of EU law, EU tax law, Еxclusion of input tax deduction, Directive 2006/112/EC - Article 168 and Article 168a

This case is about a plaintiff - a county which, as a sovereign authority, is responsible for the maintenance and the conservation of the road safety in its territory. These tasks were fulfilled by an in-house operation of the plaintiff without a legal personality named "Kreisstraßenbetrieb"

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EuroCases Keywords

Right of the accused to be informed of the date and time of the trial, Fair trial, Protection from extradition, European Arrest Warrant

EuroCases Summary

The ruling concerns three separate extradition cases, involving Romanian citizens, sought for extradition by the Romanian authorities by way of European Arrest Warrants (EAWs). All three cases involved submissions, concerning the extent to which prison conditions in Romania constitute substantial

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EuroCases Keywords

Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, Withdrawal from the European Union

EuroCases Summary

Following the results of the United Kingdom referendum on leaving the EU, the High Court was asked to review a challenge to the UK government’s authority to trigger Article 50, para. 2 of the Treaty for the European Union without obtaining an approval vote from Parliament. The case before the court

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EuroCases Keywords

Ambient air quality management, Environmental protection, Air Quality Plan

EuroCases Summary

The High Court was asked to rule on the conformity of the Air Quality Plan (AQP), adopted by the UK Government, to Article 23 of Directive 2008/50/EC and its domestic equivalent – Regulation 26 of the Air Quality Standards Regulations (2010/1001). At its core, the case concerned the proper

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EuroCases Keywords

agency contract, consumer , international jurisdiction

EuroCases Summary

The appellant who is a German citizen, has purchased a wooden house from a Finnish company together with his wife. The spouses ordered the retractable house and the space was supposed to be used as a living space for the family. The appellant and the Finnish company had also signed an agency

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Public international law, EU law, Refusal to access to environmental information, Negative effects, Access to information

The present case concerns access to information to documents from infringement proceedings.

With a notice of 30th of May 2013 (formal notice) the European Commission initiated infringement proceedings Nr. 2013/4000 against the Federal Republic of Germany. The proceedings were in connection with the

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Antitrust, diagnosis, costs, patients, costs, private clinics

EuroCases Summary

The target company is the Vienna Private Clinic G *****, which specializes in gynecology and birth assistance. 100% of the shares in the target company are held by the second applicant.

In the last financial year, the parties to the notified concentration achieved sales of more than EUR 300 million

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Document EuroCases Keywords

contract interpretation, insolvency proceedings, consumer contract, guarantee

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Supreme Court of Austria has to decide on the extent to which the irrevocability clause which is pre-formulated in a contractual form for future demands, considering the decision of the ECJ is important for the termination of the entire contract or of merely the individual

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Document EuroCases Keywords

birth defect, child abuse, hard Labor, Illness of a child

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Supreme Court in Austria decides in an extraordinary appeal on the lawfulness of the deprivation of custody of the parents of an infant.

After a birth with many complications the child was born and shortly after the doctors found out that the skull of the child was bigger

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EuroCases Keywords

custody, divorce, jurisdiction, Brussels IIa Regulation

EuroCases Summary

In the present case, the Supreme Court in Austria (Oberster Gerichtshof) dealt with the question of the jurisdiction of the court. Two Austrian parents have divorced and fight for custody of her child. It is necessary to decide whether the German or the Austrian court has the jurisdiction in this

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Unequal treatment of foreigners, Asylum rights, Implementation of EU legislation, Right to an effective remedy, Legal consulting in asylum procedures

The case concerned is about a repeal of a regulation of the BFA Procedure Act concerning the legal advice of foreigners or asylum seekers before the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht). The words "against a return decision, a decision under §2 paras 4 to 5 or §3 GVG-B 2005 or

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Document EuroCases Keywords

Asylum applicant, Human rights violation, Request for international protection

The complainant, an Afghan national, had his right to equal treatment infringed due to the rejection of his application for international protection.

The Austrian Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof) noted, that the ongoing refugee flow into Europe creates a burden on the Ungarn’s asylum

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62010TJ0268
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Urteil des Gerichts (Fünfte erweiterte Kammer) vom 25. September 2015

1. Nichtigkeitsklage – Natürliche oder juristische Personen – Handlungen, die sie unmittelbar und individuell betreffen – Klage einer Europäischen wirtschaftlichen Interessenvereinigung – Zulässigkeit

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62011TJ0674
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Urteil des Gerichts (Achte Kammer) vom 24. September 2015

1. Nichtigkeitsklage – Rechtsschutzinteresse – Erfordernis eines bestehenden und gegenwärtigen Interesses – Beurteilung zum Zeitpunkt der Klageerhebung – Klage, die geeignet ist, dem Kläger einen Vorteil zu

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62011TJ0674
Document Summary

Summary — Judgment of the General Court (Eighth Chamber), 24 September 2015

1. Actions for annulment — Interest in bringing proceedings — Need for an actual and current interest — Assessment at the time when the action was lodged — Action capable of securing a benefit for the

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62008TJ0001(01)
Document Summary

Summary — Judgment of the General Court (First Chamber), 18 September 2015

1. Judicial proceedings — Interpretation of a judgment — Conditions for the admissibility thereof

(Rules of Procedure of the General Court, Art. 129)

2. Judicial proceedings — Interpretation of a judgment —

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62007TJ0421(01)
Document Summary

Summary — Judgment of the General Court (First Chamber), 18 September 2015

1. Appeal — Interest in bringing proceedings — Condition — Appeal capable of procuring an advantage for the party bringing it

2. Acts of the institutions — Withdrawal — Unlawful acts — Decision of the Commission to

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62012TJ0346
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Urteil des Gerichts (Zweite Kammer) vom 15. September 2015

1. Recht der Europäischen Union – Auslegung – Vorschriften in mehreren Sprachen – Abweichungen zwischen den verschiedenen Sprachfassungen – Berücksichtigung der allgemeinen Systematik und des Zwecks der

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62012TJ0346
Document Summary

Summary — Judgment of the General Court (Second Chamber), 15 September 2015

1. EU law — Interpretation — Texts in several languages — Differences between the various language versions — Account to be taken of the overall scheme and purpose of the legislation in question

(Commission

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62015TO0235(01)
Document Keywords

Weighing up of interests., Prima facie case, Urgency, Application for suspension of operation of a measure, Decision to grant a third party access to the documents, Documents held by the EMA concerning information submitted by an undertaking as part of its application for authorisation to place a medicinal product on the market, Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001, Access to documents, Application for interim measures

Document Summary

Summary — Order of the President of the General Court, 1 September 2015

1. Application for interim measures — Suspension of operation of a measure — Conditions for granting — Prima facie case — Prima facie examination of the pleas in law put forward in support of the main action —

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62015TO0344
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Beschluss des Präsidenten des Gerichts vom 1. September 2015

1. Vorläufiger Rechtsschutz – Aussetzung des Vollzugs – Einstweilige Anordnungen –Voraussetzungen für die Gewährung – Fumus boni iuris – Dringlichkeit – Schwerer und nicht wiedergutzumachender Schaden –

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62015TO0235(01)
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Beschluss des Präsidenten des Gerichts vom 1. September 2015

1. Vorläufiger Rechtsschutz – Aussetzung des Vollzugs – Voraussetzungen für die Gewährung –Fumus boni iuris – Prima-facie-Prüfung der zur Stützung der Klage angeführten Gründe – Befugnisse des für die

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62015TO0344
Document Summary

Summary — Order of the President of the General Court of 1 September 2015

1. Application for interim measures — Suspension of operation of a measure — Interim measures — Conditions for granting — Prima facie case — Urgency — Serious and irreparable damage — Cumulative nature —

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62015TO0235(01)
Document Keywords

Mise en balance des intérêts., Fumus boni juris, Urgence, Demande de sursis à exécution, Décision d’accorder à un tiers l’accès aux documents, Documents détenus par l’EMA concernant des informations soumises par une entreprise dans le cadre de sa demande d’autorisation de mise sur le marché d’un médicament, Règlement (CE) nº 1049/2001, Accès aux documents, Référé

Document Summary

Sommaire – Ordonnance du président du Tribunal du 1er septembre 2015

1. Référé – Sursis à exécution – Conditions d’octroi – Fumus boni juris – Examen prima facie des moyens invoqués à l’appui du recours principal – Compétence du juge des référés – Limites – Recours contre

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62010TJ0436
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Urteil des Gerichts (Sechste Kammer) vom 15. Juli 2015

1. Wettbewerb – Unionsvorschriften – Zuwiderhandlungen – Zurechnung – Muttergesellschaft und Tochtergesellschaften – Wirtschaftliche Einheit – Beurteilungskriterien – Vermutung der Ausübung eines bestimmenden

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62010TJ0413
Document Summary

Summary — Judgment of the General Court (Sixth Chamber), 15 July 2015

1. Acts of the institutions — Statement of reasons — Obligation — Scope — Assessment of the duty to state reasons by reference to the circumstances of the case — No need to specify all the relevant factual and

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62010TJ0423
Document Summary

Leitsätze – Urteil des Gerichts (Sechste Kammer) vom 15. Juli 2015

1. Wettbewerb – Geldbußen – Höhe – Festsetzung – Anpassung des Grundbetrags –Kronzeugenregelung – Von der Kommission mit der Ersetzung ihrer ersten Mitteilung über den Erlass von Geldbußen verfolgte Ziele –

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Document Summary

Note d’information sur la jurisprudence de la Cour 203

Janvier 2017

Habran et Dalem c. Belgique - 43000/11 et 49380/11

Arrêt 17.1.2017 [Section II]

Article 6

Procédure pénale

Article 6-1

Procès équitable

Procédure contradictoire

Egalité des armes

Refus de laisser la défense accéder aux documents relatifs aux

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Document Summary

Note d’information sur la jurisprudence de la Cour 203

Janvier 2017

Saumier c. France - 74734/14

Arrêt 12.1.2017 [Section V]

Article 14

Discrimination

Différence de niveau d’indemnisation atteignable par un blessé ou un malade selon que son état provient d’une faute de son employeur ou de celle d’un

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Document Summary

Note d’information sur la jurisprudence de la Cour 203

Janvier 2017

Osmanoğlu et Kocabaş c. Suisse - 29086/12

Arrêt 10.1.2017 [Section III]

Article 9

Article 9-1

Manifester sa religion ou sa conviction

Amende infligée à des parents en raison de leur refus, pour des motifs religieux, de permettre à leur

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Document Summary

Note d’information sur la jurisprudence de la Cour 202

Décembre 2016

Khlaifia et autres c. Italie [GC] - 16483/12

Arrêt 15.12.2016 [GC]

article 4 du Protocole n° 4

Interdiction des expulsions collectives d'étrangers

Refoulement vers la Tunisie de migrants tunisiens arrivés massivement par la mer, après

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Document Summary

Note d’information sur la jurisprudence de la Cour 202

Décembre 2016

Kutlu et autres c. Turquie - 51861/11

Arrêt 13.12.2016 [Section II]

article 1 du Protocole n° 1

article 1 al. 1 du Protocole n° 1

Biens

Refus d’exproprier des terrains faisant l’objet de restrictions physiques et juridiques à cause du

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